Making real estate diagnoses is imperative before selling or renting a house. These diagnoses are essential to measure the risk of a building and analyze the safety elements of your installations. This allows you to obtain a certificate on the condition of the property in question and confirms the possibility of selling it. For the sale or rental of the property to be legal, the diagnostic files must be in the name of the owner and respect a validity date specific to each diagnosis carried out. They must be carried out by professional and mandated diagnosticians to ensure the property’s conformity. Here are the diagnoses that should not be neglected when you plan to sell or rent your home.
The Risk of Exposure to Lead
The report of the risk of exposure to lead consists of determining the concentration of lead in the coatings of the dwelling, such as old paintings, plaster, bricks, laundry, shutter, and any element attached to it. This also allows for identifying the risk of childhood lead poisoning or deterioration of the housing. Therefore, the owner must take the initiative to have this “diagnosis for lead” performed by a professional to ensure the success of this technical analysis. If the diagnostician finds lead in concentrations exceeding the threshold of 1mg/cm², the owner must carry out work before handing over the house to the purchaser. The certificate of risk of exposure to lead must be integrated into the technical diagnostic files and given to the tenant or buyer.
The State Relative to Termites
Insects could cause damage by degrading the wood or other derivatives used in constructing the house. They can even cause a collapse. Therefore, the termite diagnosis provides information on termites or xylophagous insects in the dwelling to avoid the possible risk. It must also be part of the technical diagnosis file attached to the sale deed. And if the professional diagnostician identifies a presence of termites, measures must be taken. However, anti-termite treatments may not eradicate termites permanently. Therefore, the insects may reappear. Thus, the tenant must be aware of termites in the dwelling before buying it, but this does not prevent the sale or rental of the place.
The State of the Non-collective Sanitation Installation
A house must have an autonomous sanitation installation when it is not connected to the public wastewater collection network. This diagnosis allows informing the purchaser of the conformity or not of the sanitation installation to the regulations in force. This installation is also subject to control carried out by the municipality. Like any other type of real estate diagnosis, it must be included in the technical diagnosis files to be given to the tenant or the buyer when signing the promise to sell.
The State of Risk and Pollution
If there are risks of pollution, both natural and artificial, to which the property is exposed, the future tenant or buyer must be informed. The state of threat and pollution can be filled and signed by the owner through a form according to the information contained in the prefectural decree. Prefectural orders set the list of municipalities to the commune. So, to find out, you must go to the town hall or consult a map. When signing the sale deed, it is also essential to attach this act in the files provided to the tenant or buyer to warn him and avoid any accident.